Piotra Murzionak: IN VOLOGDA! – WHERE?!
(Abstract, magazine “CULTURE, NATION”, December 2014, issue 8, pp. 36-40)
Soviet Union collapsed, Belarus gained independence, however, and as before the state prefers only Russian-language songs (look at “Slavic Bazaar”. Nothing has changed since Soviet times. The language law, adopted by the Supreme Council at the beginning of independence movement for 10-year period (1990), was deliberately forgotten by the newly elected head of state and his followers. Moreover, the pressure went on all Belarusian. But when Lukashenka, Mjasnikovich, Tozik will be retired who will be responsible for the failure of native language and national policies?
If to conduct historical parallels with Quebec and Scotland (look at the recent referendums), Belarus has for nation-building only 30-40 years and if the current situation won’t change, it will be nobody even to talk about Belarusian identity. It might be that Belarusians will be the part of the “Russian world”. The prospect of the status for the native language as a dialect grows significantly – Astrakhan, Vologda, Kostroma … Belarusian dialects. After all it is clear, without language there is no nation.
It should be noted that 83.7 citizens of Belarus consider themselves as Belarusians. This is a potency which still not fully utilized by the national elite. Liberal values and the protection of religious and democratic freedoms can not be removed from the agenda, but it can not be decisive in changing the leadership of the country, and in a durable and long-term nation-building. Only the main provisions of national idea might be crucial and will lead to significant changes in the society.
The current scenario of a single candidate definition is the same as in previous elections, the results of which are known (2001, 2006, and 2010). Association with the aim of regime change is an important goal; however, it is difficult to imagine how some organizations will fight national independence when some of the parties entering into a coalition have no words for the nation and national interests in their programs.
The best outcome in the current situation it would be to create a national platform supported by the movements, parties, organizations, and while each with its own specific objectives, approaches and tools, to determine the leaders who would be able to implement the ideas of that platform. It would be possible to say about success in the construction of the Belarusian national state when the change in people’s minds will be visible not only in Minsk, but in Vitebsk, Grodno, Brest…