The German government, in accordance with the treaty of Brest did not officially recognize the BNR and its Rada. However, the local administration did not oppose the BNR government to deal with issues of culture, education and trade. There was an institution of BNR citizenship (issued passports). At the same time, BNR Rada could not create structures which are absolute signs of any effective state – army, police, financial and judicial systems.
The activities of the Rada and the governments of the BPR has contributed significantly to raising the national consciousness of Belarusians and forced the Bolsheviks to take steps for formation of the Soviet Socialist Republic of Belarus. In 1918-1920, there were 3 attempts to form a Belarusian state (SSRB – January 1, 1919; LitBel – February 1918, the Byelorussian SSR – Juju 31, 1920 – re-establishment of the Byelorussian SSR). The first attempt to create the SSRB, January 1, 1918, was adopted by 181 delegates of the VI-th North-West Regional Party Conference of the Russian Communist Party (bolshevics), which was renamed to the First Congress of the Communist Party of Belarus. Thus, this conference did not represent whole Belarusian people.