Nuclear Energy Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow
(Abstract, magazine “CULTURE, NATION”, March 2016, issue 13, pp. 22-26)
The data on nuclear energy development worldwide are presented. In the world there are about 440 commercial nuclear reactors, located in 31 countries. They produce about 11% of the world electrical energy. Nuclear power plants, compared with coal ones avoid to throw in an atmosphere of carbon dioxide; for the US it is about 750 million tons of carbon dioxide per year. It is predicted that 132 nuclear reactors will be shut down and 287 new nuclear reactors put into operation in the world by 2035. In Belarus in the coming years will be put into operation 2 nuclear reactors in Ostrovets.