An analysis of the current interrelations between Belarus and Russia is provided. The nearest threat for Belarus, as it seems, comes from Russia, and not as a country with a huge military, economic and political potential, as well as a country bearing Eurasism ideology, the ideology of the rule of the state over the individual, a collectivist mentality over the individual, respect for strong authoritarian leaders. Another, perhaps the most dangerous factor for the Belarusian nation lies in the fact that Russia, having a multi-faceted cultural heritage and contemporary culture and using the Russian language as a tool, can absorb the culture of small countries, including the post-Soviet space. Russian policy can work against Belarus as a “soft colonization”. All this together is pushing the Belarusian elites, both pro-government and national-motivated, to seek, to justify and defend its own specific way for the preservation and development of the nation-state.