The author focuses on the part of U. Karatkevich’s work that concerns the writer’s valuable contribution to the foundation of the Belarusian nation. In the gallery of Belarusian heroes,belonging to the second half of the 20th century, U. Karatkevich standsin the same line with outstanding national figures such as A. Adamovich, V. Bykau, L. Heniyush, M. Ermalovich, U. Mulyavin, G. Tsitovich, who cemented the concept of a distinct Belarusian nation through their behavior in life and their creativity. U. Karatkevich wrote in the 60s and 80s of the last century, during the period of further russification, construction of communism and the creation of a new type of person – the Soviet man. Keeping in mind the need to create the moral and historical basis of the Belarusian nation at that time, it was necessary to have the courage not to fall into the circle of conjuncture. Using his great talent of literary expression, U. Karatkevich combined the Belarusian language and Belarusian history in his works, which gave a colossal result – he left forever for his nation the valuable soil on which it flourishes today and will prosper in the future. In their lightness and fascination, the works of Karatkevich might be compared with the works of Alexandre Dumas, Mikhail Bulgakov’s novel The Master and Margarita, or “Da Vinci Code” by Dan Brown. The works of the Belarusian writer, U. Karatkevich, proudly represent the Belarusian nation and Belarusian literature in the vast mixture of world literatures.