Piotra Murzionak: Belarusian People’s Republic. I. Pre-conditions of the convocation of the 1st All-Belarusian Congress
(Abstract, magazine “CULTURE, NATION”, June 2015, issue 10, pp. 14-23)
The general atmosphere in Belarus in 1917 was characterized by war and devastation, saturation by military forces, the weak role of the central Russian Provisional Government, numerous political parties and public organizations acting in Belarus, and a small share of the Belarusians in the cities. The organization and convening of the 1st All-Belarusian Congress were performed with significant delay compared to similar events in Lithuania and Ukraine. The main reasons for that delay were the relative weakness of the national-democratic forces, and the uncertainty of ways of nation-building, which considered the construction of a sovereign state or the existence as an autonomous entity/as a part of Russia. The convening of the 1st All-Belarusian Congress was held with the participation of the two major forces – the Great Belarusian Council and the Belarusian Regional Committee under the illegal activities of the Bolshevik government.