Piotra Murzionak: Neutrality of Belarus as the Transition to a Global System of Collective Security
(Abstract, magazine “CULTURE, NATION”, December 2016, issue 16, pp. 24–32)
The neutrality of Belarus is seen as one of the basic conditions for realization of the “Strategy of Belarusian Nation Development”. Neutrality, acquired with the support of society through a referendum, could provide the legal and moral basis for the country to be out of aggressive military blocs and at the same time paving the way to join the global system(s) of collective security. Despite the criticism of realists considering the idea of neutrality for Belarus as an utopia, the adoption of the status of neutrality can be respectful and perhaps the only step in the moral and legal framework in order to escape from the heavy colonial dependence on Russia. Obviously, for such a policy must be a political decision of a sovereign state itself, as well as the changes in the political climate in the whole world. Neutrality\armed neutrality for Belarus is based on the peaceful mood of the Belarusian population, on the legal norm of striving to be a neutral state (the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, Art. 18), on membership in the Non-Aligned Movement and the United Nations, on diversity of Belarusian economy, and on the examples of other countries which want to break the pressure of Great powers.