ABSTRACTS, “KULTURA. NATSYJA”, 2021, #27

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Magazine
“KULTURA, NATSYJA”,
Issue 27, April-May 2021

Abstracts. “Kultura. Natsyja”. Issue 27, April-May 2021.

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Piotra Murzionak: Repentance in the “Union of Darkness” (editorial)

(web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, p.6-15, www.sakavik.net)

Not in the honor of the 25th anniversary of the Union of Belarus and Russia. The article analyzes the state of society in Belarus and Russia in terms of the presence or absence of a critical perception of past mistakes made at the state level and at the level of a person or group of persons, in particular, the nationally conscious part of Belarusians. The consequences of not admitting such mistakes are considered and possible ways of correcting them are suggested, including repentance / confession of guilt.

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Vital Zajka: Where is Belarusian Historiography Headed, or is Belarusian Teleology Possible?    (abstract)

(web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, 16-26, www.sakavik.net)

The author of the article attempts to review the issue of why within Belarusian historiography, to this point and whether this be perceived conscientiously or not, lurks the old Russian-centered system of coordinates rather than viewing the majority of events and phenomena from a Belarusian-centered point of view. Why are such matters viewed from other analyses that gravitate toward Russia or some other abstract general human positions stressing denationalization rather than from the perspective of interests and desires existing within Belarusian territory itself? This matter is simply related to teleology, i. e. the sum total of purposes which seeks to pursue the creation and development of historiography, in this case – the matter of Belarusian historiography. At the present time the official historiography of Belarus, tied to the country’s state structures, continues to be almost fully subservient to the canons of past Soviet historiography and newly borrowed analyses of Russian historians, most of whom exist and function under the influence of chauvinistic ideology. On the other hand, a string of historians and authors, who write on historical themes, stand outside of today’s official historiography of Belarus and non-critically borrow from the analyses and tendency being demonstrated by leftist liberal sources within today’s Free World.  It is becoming abundantly clear that there is an acute need for an independent Belarusian-centered point of view regarding historic events and phenomena developing within Belarus which any independent country and sovereign nation must and can have for itself. The true need to formulate a Belarusian-centered historiology and nation-minded memory has been brought out by the latest events in Belarus when Belarusians en masse have stepped out in protest against their government’s falsified election results. They have chosen and used their own symbols against their governing regime that perpetrated falsified presidential elections and continues to erroneously defile those symbols, casting defamatory charges onto the history of the Belarusian Independent Movement.

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Tatyana Kenko: Belarus, 1812; Two Rivers. Nioman. The Beginning; Vilnja. Summer. Patriotic or Civil War?   (abstract)                                                                                             

(web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, 27-57, www.sakavik.net)

Next year it will have been 220 years since the start of the War of 1812. Most authors who write about this war centre on the battles at Smolensk and Borodino, Napoleon’s presence in Moscow, him being driven out of Russia. In short, they centre on events in Smolensk and Moscow Gubernias (regions). But it was on Belarusian soil that the initial and final actions of this campaign ensued. How did the population of Belarus react to Napoleon? Why was it that the first army division which entered Vilnius was under the command of Domenic Radzivill? Why did Napoleon decide to terminate his 1812 Campaign in the middle of July at Vitsebsk? In the course of three articles (“Belarus, 1812; People and Events,” “Two Rivers. Nioman. The Beginning,” and “Vilnius. Summer. Patriotic or Civil War?”) author Tatyana Kenko bypasses any attempt to retell the course of battles and struggles so as to tire out her readers with a multiplicity of dates and numbers. Rather, she exposes pertinent information in the form of an excursion and one’s viewing of exhibits along the way which serve to reproduce scenes, moments of sculptural and architecture importance, also histories of towns and cities involved.

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Paterson Franco Costa: Can we actually say that the Belarusian national identity is a weak one? (abstract)                                                                                                        

(web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, p.58-78, www.sakavik.net)

Paterson Franco Costa – Inter-semiotic Translation researcher, Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), Brazil.

This interdisciplinary study aims to analyze aspects behind the view shared by a considerable number of authors that Belarusian national identity is weak or even non-existent. The general aspects discussed are sociological, political and economic. On the sociological level, based on Robin Dunbar’s theory, human pragmatism and sociological limitations are pointed out as a possible cause of ignorance about countries, including Belarus. Concerning political issues, following Kwame Nkrumah’s thoughts, the apparent weakness of the Belarusian national discourse is considered in relation to the current authoritarian regime and its subserviency to the former metropolis. Regarding the economic sphere, based on Iryna Buhrova’s reflections as a starting point, dependency perpetrated by the regime as part of an imperialist-neocolonial agenda is problematized. In this context, with technical input from economics and engineering experts, it is pointed out that Belarus has great economic and energy potential if and when favorable political changes take place. Finally, the study leans towards the argument that identity and cultural issues frequently used to contest the existence and viability of the Belarusian nation come, from economic and political factors. Thus, directions are suggested to change this situation in the context of the 2020-2021 protests. Keywords: Belarus; Cultural Studies; National Identity; Decolonization.

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Maryna Krazhova: Status of the Belarusian Language in the UNESCO’s Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger (abstract)                                                                                    

(web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, 79-108, www.sakavik.net

This paper analyzes the current status of the Belarusian language and describes the necessity of a correct image of the language on a global scale. The research covers legal aspects and the unique features of the Belarusian language that were formed during the Soviet rule and includes recommendations for improving language policies and preventing the arising dangers. To reveal the issue, we got acquainted with scholarly articles, books, and reports, we compared the opinions, and applied the results to the UNESCO’s measurements on the Atlas of the World’s Languages in danger. Our research showed the miscalculations and understatement of the language status as vulnerable. The misleading numbers and incorrect image of the Belarusian language will lead to language extinction, which will negatively affect global cultural diversity. To prevent language extinction, we need to reevaluate the vulnerable status of Belarusian using public opinion and scholarly articles instead of governmental censuses.

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Iryna Khadarenka. Solidarity: running horizontally bstract)

(web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, 109-115, www.sakavik.net)

The author analyzes the phenomenon of increasing solidarity within Belarusian society, which has its roots in an ancient tradition called “talaka.” She expresses the opinion that the transition from a strict vertical management model to the multilateral development of horizontal ties and stimulation of activity within local communities is extremely important now. She emphasizes that, within the scope of modern conditions today,  anyone can become a leader, and the models and principles of project management could  become very  effective in the fight against tyranny.

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Liavon Karpovich: Long Uncompleted Road Home (abstract)

(web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2020, 116122, www.sakavik.net)

Twenty countries within our world and the United Nations organization have put out more than 200 stamps featuring Mark Chagall. Five of them were published by the Postal Service in Belarus. Stressing the importance of philately, the author wishes to acquaint his readers with Chagall’s tie to his homeland and complicated and long return to it, also with Chagall’s dedication to the Bible, love and his belief that “…in art, as in life, anything is possible when at the heart of it all lies love.”


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Leanid Karpovich: Enchanted by the Bible. Mark Chagall’s Song of Songs (аbstract)                                                                                                                                   

(web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, 123-129, www.sakavik.net)

The author describes Mark Chagall’s interest in the Bible which he displayed in his art creations. In private the artist turned to the Old Testament book of “Song of Songs,” to its poetry that breathes out love. “Without love our world would, step by step, continue to its end.” Chagall’s art pieces breathe out love taken from “Song of Songs.” In his article the author displays stamps that feature Chagall’s art works and describes their content.


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Tatyana Kenko: Mstislavl – Little Vilnius. Piotr Mstislavets (abstract)

(web-magazine “ Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, 130-165, www.sakavik.net)

Many cities, towns and villages of Belarus express pride in their centuries-old histories. As an example, we have cities such as Mstislavl, which is often referred to as “the Belarusian Suzdal and Little Vilnius.” However, the bulk of Mstislavl’s history is considered anything but little or insignificant. Many roads passed through this city to other cities of the Grand Duchy of Litva. Merchants from Mstislavl conducted business with people in Kiev, Orsha, Novgorod and other such places. In the 14th century cities such as Mogilyov, Krichev, Chausy, Cherikov and others fell within its scope of influence. In the middle of the 16th century one of the first Orthodox Church’s Brotherhoods was established in Belarus which included a free school for children of the city’s residents where students were taught how to read and write in Belarusian. The Brotherhood established and operated a printing press and used it for educational purposes. It is not surprising to see that one native of the city, Piotr Timofeyev Mstislaviets, became one of the first eastern Slavic publishers. Also, in the 17th century the city’s Jesuit Collective became widely known.

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Tatyana Kenko: They have remained only in pictures or how in the 21st century the legacy of Napolean Orda is being used in Belarus (abstract)

(web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, 152-162, www.sakavik.net)

Among representatives of well-known familial households of Orda in Belarus, particularly Napoleon Orda, who was named in honour of the French emperor, gained world attention. Following the Rebellion of 1830-1831, in which he participated, he was forced to leave Russia. Finding himself abroad, he managed to become well educated in the areas of music and art. His work entitled “Grammar of Music,” published in 1873, was considered over several decades to be one of the better textbooks on the subject. His travels covered half of Europe and as a result of his 30 trips he produced a series of drawings of old castles and city streets. Following Czar Alexander II’s amnesty, he returned to his homeland and for 25 years traveled about Lithuania, Poland, Volyn drawing sketches and trying to include in them every possible important historical and architectural monument. His drawings were passed on to Krakovsky National Museum where they have been kept for almost 100 years. In 1977 some 1000 reproductions of his work were printed. Over 300 of them are scenes taken from Belarus, her cities, cultural treasures which were lost in the horrors of wars and social changes that occurred during the course of our suffering-filled 20th century. This Master, as it were, won back for us lost architectural cathedrals and destroyed places within Belarus.

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Tatyana Kenko: The history of Spiridon Sobol and printing press manufactured by him at Kuteynski Monastery located initially in The Grand Duchy of Litva and later in the 17th century within lands under the rule of the Russian Duchy (abstract)

(web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, 163171, www.sakavik.net)

Among attractions of the ancient city of Orsha one will find Kuteynski Monastery, also termed as Kuteynskaya Lavra. One of the most notable initiatives of the monastery’s staff was the production of a printing press and its subsequent printing of Orthodox Church materials. This institution became particularly well-known following its printing of Spiridon Sobol’s “Bukvar” (reading primer), which in world catalogues is noted not only as an educational publication, but also as an innovative methodology in a teaching people to read. The first primer came from the region of Orsha.

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Ihar Prakapovich: Water-driven Mills in Pastauski Region (аbstract)

(web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, 172-185, www.sakavik.net)

The author studied the existence of water-driven mills in Pastauski Region from the 18th to 20th centuries. Based on descriptions of 20 such mills, the author centres his study on the system used in specific construction methods for the mills, technical processes that were applied, their dumps and gateways. Also, the author deals with the subjects of who ran the mills, at what times and the condition of their ongoing maintenance. Thanks to the materials that were gathered during complex expeditions, a manual and booklet were created featuring two tourist expedition paths. Also, an interactive map was created that can be accessed on the internet.

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New book advertisement: Lyavon Karpovich  recently published “Biblical stories of the Old Testament, illustrated with postage stamps. Familiarity with the content of the Bible and its illustration in art” (2021; 342 pages, ISBN: 978-5-0053-2627-0)  (abstract)

(webmagazineKultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, 186-187, www.sakavik.net)

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Piotra Murzionak: Contents of the manuscript of Raisa Zhuk-Grishkevich’s book “Records about the Belarusian society of the second half of the 20th century in Canada” (abstract)

(webmagazineKultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, 188-192, www.sakavik.net)

The content of the manuscript (280 pp., 55 documents), including titles of the articles,  volume, dates of their writing and the place of presentation or publication. Most of the materials in the manuscript are submitted under the auspices of the Belarusian Canadian Coordinating Committee. The content of the materials is presented in the order as it is presented in the manuscript (mostly in chronological order).

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Mikhas Kenka: Poems by Vita Shtivelman translated into Belarusian (abstract)

(web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, 193205, www.sakavik.net)

Vita Shtivelman (Toronto, Canada) is a poet, translator, publicist, founder and leader of the EtCetera Physics and Lyrics Club. Vita is the author of two books, numerous publications and poetic productions.

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Piotra Murzionak: Yesterday, when I was young/Hier Encore (Charles Aznavour’ poem translation in Belarusian) (аbstract)                                                                                        

(web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, 206-208, www.sakavik.net)

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Sergei Paniznik: (abstract) New materials of the famous Belarusian poet include folklore recordings “There the Sun walked on the Earth”, poetic notes “Kalina-malina, my berry …”, and “Tight arc of courage”, as well as bibliographic records with photographs “Who wishes. ..? ”

(webmagazine Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, 209-234, www.sakavik.net)

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Igаr Prаkаpovich: Four stories from the life of Belarusian peasants (abstract)

(web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, 235238, www.sakavik.net)

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Materials Dedicated to Freedom Day-2021 in Ottawa  (abstract)

(web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, 239-244, www.sakavik.net)

Web-magazine received information from members of the Ottawa Chapter of Belarusian Canadian Alliance and Belarusian Institute of Arts and Sciences, Canada describing how they celebrated Freedom Day. Three events took place in the course of one week:

March 21, 2021 – livestream and online concert (program attached). The link to video of the event: https://youtu.be/cJ9sgo-aeUQ; March 25, 2021 – Meeting on Freedom Day was conducted in the centre of Ottawa beside the Canadian Tribute to Human Rights Monument. Photographs at: https://photos.app.goo.gl/tofMBvmyztzgJPbd6; video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YFqOcNPPfaE&t=4s; March 27, 2021 – Meeting in support of the Belarusian Revolution of Hope in 2020 including speech statements and two poems by P.Murzionak: https://youtu.be/HYqVYJKLci8. Video and photographs by Ales Karalkievich.

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Piotra Murzionka   Speech statements and two poems during the meeting in support of the Belarusian Revolution of Hope-2020 (March 27, 2021; Ottawa) (abstract)

(webmagazine Kultura. Natsyja ”, issue 27, April 2021, 240-243, www.sakavik.net)


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International Conference in Warsaw regarding the issue of Belarusian identity (abstract)

(web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, 245-259, www.sakavik.net)

On March 1, 2021 an international online conference ensued hosted by Warsaw University. Theme: “Belarusian Identity: Past Experience and Challenges for the Future Relating to 30th Year of Declaration of Belarus’s Independence.” The conference was organized by the Department of International Studies of Central and Eastern Europe at Warsaw University. Partnering organizers that presented papers were BINIM, New York and BINIM, Canada. The Conference was conducted under the guidance of the University’s Rector and President of BNR Committee, Ivonka Survilla. Thirty researchers read papers on the given subject. The president of BINIM, Canada, Piotra Murzionak, gave the opening speech of welcome and presented his paper under the title: “Belarusian Institute of Arts and Sciences in Canada in Support of Belarusian Identity.”

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Piotra Murzionak  The opening speech of welcome at the International Conference in Warsaw University (April 1, 2021)  (abstract)

(web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, 250-251, www.sakavik.net)

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Piotra Murzionak    Presentation: “Belarusian Institute of Arts and Sciences in Canada in Support of Belarusian Identity” (International Conference in Warsaw University, April 1, 2021) (abstract)

(web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 27, April 2021, 252-259, www.sakavik.net)

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