ABSTRACTS, “KULTURA, NATSYJA”, April 2022, #29

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Magazine “KULTURA, NATSYJA”, Issue 29, April 2022, 553 pp.

Piotra Murzionak: From darkness to light! When? (editorial)

(webzine “Culture. Nation”, issue 29, April 2022, 6-13, http://www.sakavik.net)

In the article, the author gives comments on the book “Belarus: Prospects of a Middle Power”, prepared for publication immediately before (January 2022) the start of Russia’s war of conquest against Ukraine. The comments primarily relate to the coverage of the causes of the inter-civilizational war unleashed by Eurasian Russia against Ukraine, a country that, together with Belarus, according to the author, represents the Western Ruthenian civilization (both civilizations were formed by the Eastern Slavs back in the 13th-15th centuries). The dualistic role of the leadership of Belarus in relation to this war, both before and after its start, is discussed. And finally, possible ways of reconstructing the system of collective security on the planet are discussed, including the acquisition of a neutral status by small and medium-sized states.

Congratulatory Greetings to celebrants:

Vitavt Kipel – 90, Sergey Paniznik – 80, Mikhas Kenko – 75 (web-magazine “Kultura-Natsyja,” Issue 29, April 2022, 14-15, www.sakavik.net)

The 29th issue of “Kultura. Natsiya” journal begins with congratulatory greetings to noted celebrants which this year include: Vitavt Kipel – having reached 90 years old, Sergey Paniznik – having reached 80 years old, Mikhas Kenko – having reached 75 years old. The literary works created by these persons in relation to Belarusian affairs is being noted not only outside of Belarus (their native land) but also within her borders. Belarus continues to be for them the centre of great eternal love and unjustifiable pain. These outstanding folks are the ones who little by little, brick upon brick, continue to raise the building of our national state. The editors express sincere congratulations to these celebrants, wishing them excellent health and greater creative success. Their activities are presented in this article which include their life stories and autobiographical notes in the form of interviews.

Natallia Hardzienka, Liavon Yurevich: Doctor Vitaut Kipel – Soon Will Have Reached 95 (webzine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 29, April 2022, 16-22, www.sakavik.net)

On May 30th 2022 Dr. Vitaut Kipel will have reached the age of 95. The authors inform readers various facts about the life of the celebrant within the context of Belarusian society, stressing his creative achievements and successes in the area of knowledge concerning Belarusian people, their culture and political life.

On the occasion of the 80th anniversary of Sergei Paniznik – a description of creativity, autobiographical notes and answers to questions from the magazine “Kultura. Natsyja” (web magazine “Culture. Nation”, issue 29, April 2022, 23-45, http://www.sakavik.net)

The editors sincerely congratulate the hero of the day, wish him good health and creative success.

On the occasion of the 75th anniversary of Mikhas Kenka – a description of creativity and autobiographical notes. (webzine “Culture. Nation”, issue 29, April 2022, 46-54, http://www.sakavik.net)

The editors sincerely congratulate the hero of the day, wish him good health and creative success.

Sergey Paniznik: For the Good and Happy Life of Simple Folk (web-magazine “Kultura-Natsiya,” Issue 29, April 2022, 55-87, www.sakavik.net)

The writings of Sergey Paniznik are dedicated to the establishing and work of the first printing press 500 years ago in Vilnius by Francishak Skarina, concerning, more exactly, the years of 1522 through to 1552 when this Belarusian educator published the first printed books in the Grand Duchy of Litva. Paniznik’s article include F. Skarina’s biography, his presence in the world and in Belarus, Latvia, Ukraine and his poetry. Also included is a list of the works by the author of this article dedicated to Skarina as the first publisher of books. Following this, one will find poetry written by S. Paniznik in honour of Skarina as an educator. Photos from the author’s archive are included in the article.

Liavon Karpovich: A Short Travel Book – A Momentous Event in Our Country’s History (webzine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 29, April 2022, 88-97, www.sakavik.net)

This article is dedicated to the publishing of A Short Travel Book and the creation of the first printing press that appeared in Eastern Europe some 500 years ago. Through the work of the first printer of books, Francishak Skarina, this all took place in 1520 in the city of Vilnius which at that time was the capital of The Grand Duchy of Litva. The author attempts to capture and describe the typical characteristics of that epoch within Europe and The Grand Duchy of Litva. He centres on the content and particulars found in A Short Travel Book, as seen through Francishak Skarina’s eyes. He goes on to demonstrate the book’s destiny and the significance of Skarina’s activities during that time and how that has reached down to our time. The article includes all the engravings that were illustrated in A Short Travel Book. It was written for the sake of all who show a keen interest in Francishak Skarina and includes reminders of key moments in the history of the Belarusian language and literature.

Liavon Karpovich: Philatelistic Study of Skarina and His Activities (webzine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 29, April 2022, 98-110, www.sakavik.net)

In spite of the outstanding nature of Francishak Skaryna’s activities and accomplishments, he was first seriously mentioned and recognized in Belarus in the 1920’s. Since then, Skaryna’s life and educational activities have been highlighted in scientific publications, art, theatre and cinema productions. He has also been featured in various philatelistic miniatures. Only one article has been put forth dealing with the philatelistic life and activities of Skaryna – one written by philatelist Lev Kolasav, entitled A Genius, Encrypted in Stamps, and published in Viestnik suviazi (No 3 (143) 2017. One cannot say that this article is all-encompassing since it does not touch on emigrants’ publications and those of latest years and in Russian-language publications. Thus, the author decided to open up the subject more widely and write it in Belarusian. The content of the article can interest collectors and those who maintain a rather haphazard attitude to the histories of countries, the life and activities of Francishak Skaryna and various research literature produced by Belarusian Diaspora. 

Mikhas Kenka: Remembering the classics… (webzine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 29, April 2022, 111-114, www.sakavik.net)

This year marks the 140th anniversary of the birth of the great classics of national literature – Yanka Kupala and Yakub Kolas. Writers born in 1882 are still the expression of national self-consciousness, which widely reveals the peculiarities of the spiritual composition and material life of Belarusians. The works of Yanka Kupala and Yakub Kolas are known and respected both in Belarus and far beyond its borders, including Canada.

Mikhas Kenka: “There is one song of songs – about the Motherland… (webzine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 29, April 2022, 115-124, www.sakavik.net)

This year marks many anniversaries. Among them are: the 110th anniversary of the People’s Poet of Belarus Maxim Tank and the 90th anniversary of the People’s Artist of Belarus, sculptor Ivan Misko. These two dates are combined in the story of how the monument to Maxim Tank was made and unveiled in Mjadzeł.

Valery Hrytsuk: Have We Lost Belarus or the Historical Depiction of the 20th Century – the Reign of One Dictator, Former Collective Farm Worker? (webzine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 29, April 2022, 125-142, www.sakavik.net)

Respected reader, for 27 years the population of the Republic of Belarus has been asleep (“A Factory of Sleep” – UltraVozhyk), it has made fun of the Opposition, refused to listen to the Opposition. Belarusians have a strong gene for remaining as slaves. But even a slave must think, but Belarusians have not been thinking. I am proposing the theses concerning things that have happened in the Republic of Belarus over the past little while. The situation has improved slightly, but regular workers did not go out on strike which shows that they have remained as slaves. The result is that slaves do not need understanding. Thus, my theses are directed to intellectuals, people who think and whose desire is to rebuild Belarus as a Belarusian democratic state adhering to true rules of people’s civil rights. I show the mistakes of “leaders” among the Opposition, stress that their unwillingness to work for changes through self-sacrifice which has resulted in failures of past efforts. In my view, the most dangerous phenomenon is people’s unwillingness to think for themselves.

Ales Simakou Around California: Dr. Russell on the “Golden State” in 1891 and 1892  (webzine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 29, April 2022, 143-160, www.sakavik.net)

This article is a version of the preface to the publication of “Around California” in an almanac, but it did not take place in 2021, and 2022 is also an anniversary year, since Russel continued to write his report in 1892. Excluded from the March 2021 edition information, quotes about the presence of Indians in “Across California” and some other things from the Indian theme, and the text of the presentations at the International Congress of Belarusian Studies (2021, on the travelogue’s language) has been added. Having traveled in various directions from the San Francisco Bay, Russel left San Francisco in a general northeasterly direction at the end of May 1891. His expression “we” in relation to himself and his companions at different moments could include a friend, K. Sivers, and his wife. In the process of writing the travelogue, Russel could not help but recall the “Great Whole” (this philosophical concept is present in the same term in the text), the author sought to influence his potential reader, and this influence began more actively after the publication of the English and Belarusian translations. On the topics covered, this report is an “encyclopedia of the Golden State”, with a rich vocabulary, numerous comparisons (including with the Mogilev, Grodno, Kovno provinces; places with the word “ours” are Belarusian-American comparative studies). Sometimes using sarcasm, sometimes just irony, he claims to be the Belarusian Tocqueville and Mark Twain. Russel mostly criticizes, but loves California, which, having lost, he calls “mine”.

Ales Simakou: Doctor Russel and the Indians (webzine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 29, April 2022, 161-181, www.sakavik.net) Keywords: Nicholas Russel (Sudzilovskii), Indians (Native Americans), Russian America, California, San Francisco.

The system “Nicholas Russel – Indians” is considered, which includes his reading in his youth, mentions of Indians in the report “Around California” (1891), journalism, the question of his request to the Bureau of Indian Affairs. In his pamphlet on Bishop Vladimir, Russell wrote about the Tlingits and other “savages” of Russian America. He was a physician and advocate for their children in a church school in San Francisco, and communicated with adult Creoles. His critical and stereotypical attitude toward Indians is illustrated by examples of “Apaches’ and Bushmen mentality” and the lifestyle of a half-breed in the Sierra Nevada mountains. Having colleagues who were in close contact with the Indians, he did not delve into Native American issues due to the lack of his own close contact with compact Indian groups and incentives for him as a political leader.

Ihar Prakapovich: Historical Monogram on Brickwork (webzine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 29, April 2022, 182-188, www.sakavik.net)

While examining old stone buildings in the centre of Pastavy one can decipher on one of the walls’ red brickworks labels showing up as monograms. The author together with his coworkers investigated the issue of potential owners of the brickwork that was present in the vicinity. It turns out that the labels (MP TR, TR PM, VP TR) belong to the households of Tyzengauz and Pshazdetski.  The first brickworks in Pastavy Region were built by Antony Tyzengauz in the middle of the 18th century.

Ihar Prakapovich: The Intriguing Stone of Pastauski Region (webzine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 29, April 2022, 189-190, www.sakavik.net)                   The author describes one large boulder that can be found in Pastauski Region which has not be recalled from protection even though, by its very properties, it continues to crumble into a series of geological monuments of Nature. The boulder was named after the surname of the past owner of the plot of land on which it stands. It stands over the ground and measures 3 metres in length by 2.6 metres in width reaching 40 centimetres in height. According to legend, the devil hid treasure under this rock.

Tatiana Kenko: History of a passionate person, unique museum and Gulliver (webzine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 29, April 2022, 191-203, www.sakavik.net)

Right next to Vitebsk one will find the village of Staroye sielo and within it – a school museum. The person caring for it is Margarita Dmitriyevna Yushkievich. She has been working in the school for many years. She taught Geography and History, was the school’s principal and vice-principal. She studied local culture and history for several decades and is the author of more than 10 books and poetry. More than 13,000 artifacts, gathered since the end of the 1960’s, are being kept in five separate rooms. But within the confines of the museum there is one room that is dedicated to a person born in the Vitebsk area, one of the greatest individuals from the end of the 19th and start of the 20th century – Fyodor Andreyevich Mikhnov. On the basis of a letter written by an elderly dweller of the same village a search about Mikhnov was begun 40 years ago. Correspondence ensued with people living in Russia, Germany and the USA. Relatives of Mikhanov were found and a book was published on the matter. In 2018 Ivan Kazak, a sculptor, created 2 variants statues. One of them can now be viewed in the older section of Vitebsk.

Tatiana Kenko: An invitation to visit Ilya Yefimovich Repin. In Belarus: visiting a library in Zdravnievo (webzine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 29, April 2022, 204-220, www.sakavik.net)

In 1881 Alexander III purchased Repin’s canvas painting entitled “Dwellers of Zaporozhe Write a Letter to a Turkish Sultan” for 35,000 roubles. The amount for the painting was a record-setting one, the first and last one purchased by a tsar. Using these funds Repin bought an estate just outside of Vitebsk. If asked the question: “Where are you from?” – local residents would answer: “From Drauniova.” It was from the phonetic combination of sounds that we received the romantic term “Zdravnievo.” And beginning from May of 1892, eight years later in his life, families of Repins became closely tied to this location. “Zdravnievo Seasons” is an interesting period of the artist’s creative work.  However, following an order to do a painting called “A Meeting of the State Council” Repin left for St. Petersburg. His daughter Tatiana, granddaughter and great granddaughter lived at Repin’s estate until 1930. At the present time Zdravnievo is a popular place, not only for people in Belarus, but also for tourists from other countries.

Tatiana Kenko: “Paris – my second Vitebsk” (webzine “Kultura. Natsyia”, issue 29, April 2022, 221-251, www.sakavik.net)

Marc Chagall was born in Vitebsk. He attended school and painted his first works of art in Vitebsk. He also attempted to change Vitebsk into a centre for revolutionary intelligentsia, train new creators of art and move art outside of museums onto city streets and squares. Having experienced defeat of his ideas at the age of 33, he left his native Vitebsk for good. He became one of the best-known artists in the world. Nevertheless, Vitebsk was very much featured in his canvas art works together with silhouettes of Paris. The same can be said of his poetry and letters. While visiting Moscow in 1973, he stated that he would hand over his artworks to his native city. His intended gift was never received. The USSR could not forgive him for his emigration. Andrey Voznesenski wrote: “If one’s heart has not lied/ then in some year/ in some Vitebsk Museum/ I will find Chagall.” It took some time to pass for locals of Vitebsk to understand and bring back memory of Chagall. Presently there are 3 museums in Vitebsk associated with his name and a street named after him in his honour.

Michas Kenka: Translation of Henyrk Zhavuski’s Novel “November” (webzine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 29, April 2022, 252-411, www.sakavik.net)

I hereby present to the readers of Kuktura. Natsyia the next chapters of translation of Polish writer Henryk Zhavuski’s (1791-1866) novel entitled “November”. This is a piece of writing dealing with historical themes during the time of the last Polish king, Stanislav Avgust Paniatouski. The book’s subject material relates to the span of years from 1760 to 1780. It is of interest to any Belarusian reader because the narrative takes place on Belarusian soil that include geographical places such as Niasvizh, Slutsk and their surrounding territories. It describes to the reader the lives and times of two nobleman who happen to be brothers, Mikhal and Liudvik. One of them was raised according to ancient Polatsk (sometimes called “Sarmatski”) traditions while the other was raised under the influence of western culture which had entered Poland from France and Germany. The final chapters read in the next 30th issue of “Kultura. Natsyja”.

Sergey Paniznik: Meetings with personalities (“Ablіchchy sustrech”, Bel.) (webzine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 29, April 2022, 412-517, www.sakavik.net)

The editorial board of the webzine decided to publish the entire book of Sergey Paniznik “Ablіchchy sustretch” (2017), which contains a lot of interesting, unique materials about the author’s contemporaries, writers, scientists and cultural figures. Memoirs of S. Paniznik about personal meetings with them are accompanied by photographs of the author. Some excerpts from this book were previously published in the webzine “Culture. Nation”.

Igаr Prаkаpovich: Stories: Stozharka in a quiet place. Apollo rules well. Refrigerator specialist. “Shit!” The pig is drowning. (web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 29, April 2022, 518-523, www.sakavik.net)

New books   (web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 29, April 2022, 524-528, www.sakavik.net)

Information is given about two books published in 2021 and 2022: Lukasz Dzekuts-Malej: pastor, yakі pratsjagnuu spravu Skaryny (Bel.). Collection of articles. – Minsk: “Pazityu Center”, 2021. – 280p. : [16] l. il. by A.I. Bokun, A.U. Unuchak, Yu.A. Bachyshcha. A book about the life and work of Lukasz Dzekuts-Malei (1888-1955), a Belarusian national and religious figure.                                                                       Belarus: Prospects of a Middle Power by Piotra P. Murzionak (Lexington books: Lanham-Boulder-New York-London. 2022, 346 pp.). In the book: the history of Belarus, its belonging to the Western Ruthenian civilization, forecasts for the future, including the acquisition of a neutral status.

From editorial staff: Our Country Has Lost a Giant of Belarusian Literature (web-magazine “Kultura. Natsyja”, issue 29, April 2022, 529-536, www.sakavik.net)

Belarus has lost Adam Iosifavich Maldzis (1932-2022) – the writer, journalist, and expert in literature, critic, historian, translator, Doctor of Philological Sciences and professor. Anatol Hrytskievich called him the Knight of Belarusian Revival. The Belarusian Institute of Sciences and Culture in Canada and internet journal Kultura. Natsiya express their sincere sympathies to the family of Adam Iosifavich Maldzis on his passing from earthly life. Article in honor A.I.Maldzis and images by Sergei Paniznik.

From the life of Belarusian organizations (webzine Culture. Nation, issue 29, April 2022, 537-553, http://www.sakavik.net)

Information is given about anti-war protest actions in support of Ukraine (New York, 02/27/2022; Ottawa, 02/06/2022, 02/27/2022, 03.06.2022), Freedom Day / Dzen Voli (New York, 03/25/2022), “Day of separation from Russia” (New York, 04/2/2022), performance in honor of T. Kascjushka (New York). Texts by Irina Khadarenka and Piotra Murzionak, including the text of his speech at the rally (Ottawa, 03/06/2022); photos – Ales Karalkevich, Denis Saklakov, Irina Khadarenka, Mikhas Charopka and Yury Eber. The same section contains the Memorandum of the Belarusian diaspora in the USA regarding the current situation in the homeland.

Next 30th issue read in November 2022

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